Culture Of The Organization: Critical And Post Modern View
The culture of the organization describing the critical and post modern view is best explained by Hatch & Cunliffe (2013). Issues of domination associated with culture (power, voice and status quo) are examined. The organization is always passing across information that other races are not inferior to white and black people.
You will notice that an integration of information across the organization so that stories do not favor those deemed superior or in power, if they have adopted this critical and post modern culture. The management supports the interests of the organization in addition to all staff to cope with organizational problems on a continuous basis.
Can you relate with any of these traits?
Lets explore other core traits of corporate culture and how they can propel your organizational (irrespective of the size or number of staff) to increased productivity.
How Does This View Affect Communication?
Crucial and postmodern view of corporate culture affects communication in any organization as it brings out an important holistic concept of using knowledge for power (Creswell & Poth, 2017). It also highlights the importance of language and how it reflects reality.
For example, Mumby & Ashcraft (2017) shows that subordinate staff address the top executives as either ‘Sir’ or ‘Madam’ or ‘Doctor’ (and not Doc) since they are seen to be in power. These titles highlight power, authority, and reaffirm their status.
Moreover, all employees are aware as long as they exceed customers’ expectations, the organization performs extraordinarily. The result is the realization of the organization’s objective, increased effectiveness, and additional profits.
Space Allocation In The Organization
Layout within a company affects communication in the coordination of activities. Top executives in most organizations usually have large desks of superior quality and swinging chairs, not withstanding larger office spaces where they sit alone. It is not mandatory for them to wear a uniform.
On the contrast, sub ordinates share offices space with smaller work station sizes that are less decorated. One work station may have the access of more than one employee. Junior staff follow a mandatory office dress code of branded apparel that represents the organization. Today, there is less distance between staff work spaces within a department despite the introduction of telephones and internet.
Face to face stands out as the best mode of communication as stipulated by Hatch & Cunliffe (2013). The top executives also have their parking space and receive personalized secretarial services. It symbolizes their superiority, affirming both the interpretive and the post modern approach to organizational culture.
Check out your office. Is there is a clear division of labor where a where a group of employees focuses on a particular task, that is, receipt of orders, packing final product, cashier, et cetra? Are similar actives carried out by groups of people in demarcated departments? These include marketing department, accounting department, human resources department, the board of directors who occupy different space allocations.
Bulletin Boards and Walls
The foundation of the association between physical structure and organizational identity is status, group boundaries and corporate image (Putnam & Fairhurst, 2015). Bulletin board and wall displays in the office represent the culture, attitude, different position, and status of the employees.
Trust me. There is a notable difference of bulletins and boards of top executives to their juniors. Post items include views of the employees within a department, in addition to the organizations. Hatch & Cunliffe (2013) point out that for the senior executives, the bulletin boards, displays, and portraits that primarily emphasize the organization’s corporate image and identity.
Artifacts, Family Photos, and Personal Items
Artifacts displayed on desks or walls mark territories with personal belongings that show ownership of work spaces. These include personal items like photos of mentors or close relations (spouse, children, distant relatives), their children’s homework drawings.
Majority of the main office walls have artifacts and photos that are organizationally related. Those on the walls are theme based, concerning organizational identity and perceptions of outsiders to the organization.
Corporate image influences the experiences of staff and their beliefs of the organization as a whole (Hassard et al., 2017)
Common Areas, Like Board Rooms and Wash Rooms
Common rooms allow integration of staff at all levels (Putnam & Fairhurst, 2015).
Senior executives have extra privacy and walk very short distances to their wash rooms, desks for tea, and board rooms. The junior executives share and use the same resources and conflict is very likely to arise.
Occasionally, meetings are held on a regular basis with the staff of all levels and hierarchies in the organization to applaud, recognize and award the extraordinary ones in one of the meeting rooms or auditorium. Likewise, the organization’s vision, mission, and values are reiterated and emphasized in these meetings.
Communication of Employees With Each Other
(Tones, Frequency, Content, Type and Mode of Communication)
Employees in an organization are like a community.
Emphasis exists on employee motivation, involvement, and communication of team goals, predominantly formally. Emails are shared for staff meetings every week. Mumby & Ashcraft (2017) discusses formal and informal communication of employees within departments, in order of hierarchy (up and down), and laterally.
Emails are escalated at each level but copied to every member of a department. Unique scenarios include when selected staff members form a committee to achieve a target or objective of a project. In this case, the information they communicate with each other whether formal or informal is passed on amongst this project, until they realize the goal and objective.
A meeting is called via email, and notice given accordingly. One of the project members then shares the information with relevant departments of the whole organization. Informal communication is widespread especially in the midst of staff members within departments, or similar grades across the entire organization.
Each category of staff, whether junior or senior have their informal way of communication that they only understand, commonly known as jargon. It is such that if a senior staff would participate in an informal discussion with a group of junior staff, then messages passed across are taken in a relaxed manner. A junior employee takes a more formal tone when communicating to superiors.
In addition to the above, Hasard, et al., (2017) emphasize on seamless communication amongst staff for complex tasks. Overall, communication is written for milestone reviews, personal objectives, and goals while verbal communication exists amongst staff within related departments and levels or ranks in an office.
Rules and regulation that govern both formal and informal communication guides how information flows during tasks such that all employees depend on one another.
Dissemination And Distribution of Information
Hierarchy in the organization show who reports to who in the organization. For instance, Hatch & Cunliffe (2013) discusses that when information is moved downwards on meeting goals and objectives of the organization, subordinates are told what to do by seniors, managers, including top executives.
On the other hand, when information is moving upwards, juniors report back to management with details of they will personally meet those goals and objectives. Consequently, the organization has a unity of community where employees report to several senior staff.
Employees within an organization socialize outside the work place. Smaller groups of staff within the organization have different interests and tend to socialize together. Putnam & Fairhurst (2015) emphasizes that employees learn from each other in more relaxed environments, whether they work in similar or different departments.
[click_to_tweet tweet=”The closer the hierarchy and rank, the higher the chances of social interaction outside of the work place.” quote=”The closer the hierarchy and rank, the higher the chances of social interaction outside of the work place.”]
Other factors that play a role in out of work place interactions include demographics, lifestyles, social moments, beliefs, history, traditions, values, knowledge, information, skills, expertise, neighborhood, legal, political affiliations. As the employees socialize out of work, the social legitimacy improves.
Employees are encouraged to socialize outside their work place to further expand their knowledge. The post modernist theorists are skeptical of hierarchy, control, centralization and integration (Hatch & Cunliffe, 2013). When they socialize together, they come up with their concepts of interaction to counter the differentiation they perceive to have taken place at work.
Do You Have Rituals At Your Work Place?
All employees socialize before joining any organization at childhood and teenage voluntary or group. After college, employees let go of these old roles and values and adapt to the expectations of the team they find at the work place according to Putnam & Fairhurst, 2015).
Intensive learning takes place through observation, asking questions, over the hearing, and interactions. The employee is accepted as an insider. Movement from this level involves the mutual withdrawal of those staying and those who leave. One option is to move to either another similar position or higher position within the same or different department. The other movement is an exit due to turnover, retirement, or sudden death. This is the ritual in the organization, irrespective of their rank.
Heroines and heroes social culture and co-cultures
The heroines and heroes that are held up as role models are the protagonists who are strong, competent and exceptional. They break free from established identities and construct new ones by the expansion of their consciousness (Putnam & Fairhurst, 2015).
The events the hero(ine) experience lead to a new then, new life and new life with outstanding admirable qualities. They could be lured or carried away or proceed voluntarily to achieve a task within the organization A hero(ine) who refuses the call to adventure turns into a victim, but the one who continues crosses beyond the threshold of their world to the unfamiliar and eventually to astonish his/her workmates.
Creswell & Poth (2017) state that the dominant social culture has defined, chosen, and recognized heroes and heroines within the cultural boundaries identified through a filter. Therefore, their accomplishments are compatible with the emphasis on culture, for example, Steve Jobs of Apple Co. cultures are not identified in this write-up.
Any team culture evolves from the practical view of top management and leadership managing and designing the culture of employees for a purpose. In a different setting, an organization may adopt the emergent, created and developed culture of networks of various sub cultures (the interpretive view).
At the current view of critical and post modern view, an organization’s identity to facilitate commitment of employees differentiates it from others in the same field. Firstly, high complexity in the demand of products results in a high level of certainty of the environment of the organization.
The resultant stable environment depicts a successful organization that uses mechanical and organic structures like innovation that assist the organization to meet its demands (Hatch & Cunliffe, 2013). Secondly, a cultivated organizational culture creates realities that offer a choice to get away from the ‘cultures’ employees in the organization do not like.
Hence, the post modernist perspective in for any organization may embrace technological innovation to satisfy different environmental demands. Employees strive to consistently create a sustainable environment (Creswell & Poth, 2017). Norms, laws, and values are embraced.
Thirdly, all employees in an organization behave sustain-ably due to the persistent message communicated of thoughts that the organization is sustainable. A structural change of five phases; the entrepreneurial, collective, delegation, formalization, and collaborative takes place.
Office and out of workplace routines, ideologies, and perceptions change by improvisation, innovation and creativity. In this digital age of Internet of Things, adoption of computer based technologies and social media transforms communication, both laterally and vertically across the organization. Therefore, the organization’s perception evolves with each different environment.
Creswell, J. W., & Poth, C. N. (2017). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. Sage publications.
Hatch, M. J., & Cunliffe, A. L. (2013). Organization theory: modern, symbolic and postmodern perspectives. Oxford university press.
Hassard, J., Hyde, P., Wolfram Cox, J., Granter, E., & McCann, L. (2017). Exploring health work: a critical-action perspective. Journal of Health Organization and Management, (just-accepted), 00-00.
Mumby, D. K., & Ashcraft, K. L. (2017). Critical Approaches. The International Encyclopedia of Organizational Communication.
Putnam, L. L., & Fairhurst, G. T. (2015). Revisiting “Organizations as discursive constructions”: 10 years later. Communication Theory, 25(4), 375-392.
What do you think?
What do you identify with on your organization?
We look forward to your comment.